Trailer Wiring Diagrams
Trailers are required to have at least running lights, turn signals and brake lights. To provide the power and a hook-up for these, the tow vehicle’s wires are tapped into. This is accomplished through either a T-One connector (if available for your vehicle) or through hardwiring. The T-One Connector is pre-wired to a 4-pole flat that can adapt to a 6 or 7 way round connector. Hardwiring requires the installer to locate the proper wires in the tow vehicle. To help in this task consult the owner’s manual or the chart at the bottom of the page.
Various connectors are available from four to seven pins to allow for the transfer of power for the lighting as well as auxiliary functions such as electric trailer brake control, backup lights, etc. Choose a connector that has the required number of pins for the functions required. Also, mount the connector on the vehicle. Not only will it display a clean look, but a mount is helpful in avoiding the potential problems associated with leaving a connector dangling.
4-Way connectors are available allowing the basic hookup of the three lighting functions (running, turn, and brake) plus one pin is provided for a ground wire.
5-Way connectors are available allowing the basic hookup of the three lighting functions (running, turn, and brake) and besides the ground, one pin is available to provide support for another function. Usually the 5-Way Flat is used for trailers with surge brakes. The additional wire is tapped into the backup lights to disengage the trailer’s brakes when the vehicle is reversing.
6-Way connectors are available allowing the basic hookup of the three lighting functions (running, turn, and brake) and besides the ground, two extra pins are available to provide two additional functions.
The Diagram below shows the proper way to wire the connector to your trailer or vehicle.
Note: The black (12V) and Blue (Electric Brakes) may be reversed to suit trailer. Horse Trailers may use the center pin for 12V hot lead, R.V. trailers use the center pin for electric brakes.
Besides the three main lighting functions, additional pins for auxiliary power, trailer battery charging etc. are available.
7 Way RV type plugs are now the most common and the diagram below will help you wire the trailer or tow vehicle correctly.